Our brains are naturally limited. This can be a curse, or it can be a gift, depending on how you look at it.
The most important concept in software engineering is the concept of an interface. This article is not about interfaces in Java, it is about interfaces in software design, and to a lesser extent, interfaces anywhere in the universe. There are many other important concepts used in software development, but I would argue that many of them actually end up relating back to why interfaces are so important.
Most likely you’ve heard about The Law of Leaky Abstractions coined by Joel Spolsky. Even if you never heard of it, you definitely faced it in your day-to-day job. The “law” is pretty simple: “All non-trivial abstractions, to some degree, are leaky”. And this is 100% true. But sometimes even not that complicated abstractions can leak their internal details.