Gradle is a project build automation tool that uses a Groovy DSL. Gradle build scripts support Maven and Ivy repositories as well as plain file system for dependency management.

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This article gets you up and running with Android's new build system, from the basics of what Gradle is and what it does, to an in-depth look at some of the most important Gradle files, to learning how to execute and monitor Gradle tasks.

For most purposes we don’t need to modify our *.gradle files much — we add dependencies, modify target and minimum API levels, maybe set up signing configs and build types. Anything more complicated than that, and we end up copy-pasting mysterious snippets from Stack Overflow, without understanding how they work.