For questions on memory ordering models at the programming language level (above the ISA or machine language level).

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There are about six major conceptualizations of memory that dominate today’s programming. Three of them derive from the three most historically important programming languages of the 1950s — COBOL, LISP, and FORTRAN — and the other three derive from the three historically important data storage systems: magnetic tape, Unix-style hierarchical filesystems, and relational databases.