2FA is an additional layer of security to protect user accounts from attackers that have already compromised your password. When you login into a service using your username and password, you will get an additional challenge before access is granted. Usually it is a 6 digit temporary code that changes every 30 seconds. Google authenticator, Authy and Toopher are just a few of the 2FA solutions Lastpass supports that are based on RFC6238 and RFC4226. There are other types of 2FA but these are the most common.